John Rathbone was a British landscape artist working in the late 18th Century to early 19th Century. He was born at Rockferry, Wirral, in Cheshire. The artists George Morland and Julius Caesar Ibbetson often collaborated with Rathbone, painting the figures in his landscapes.
The British Museum possesses three of Rathbone's watercolour drawings, all of which are landscapes with figures, and there is a landscape in oils in the Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool and two hang in the Peel Park Art Gallery, Salford. Between 1785 and 1806 Rathbone exhibited forty-eight landscapes at the Royal Academy and two at the Society of Artists. He also exhibited three landscapes at the exhibition of the Society of Artists in Liverpool in August 1774.